Food for gastritis: what you can and can't eat?

Gastritis is one of the most common diseases of our time. Frequent snacking and meals on the run, a large variety of fast food, poor quality food poisoning can cause gastritis. Perhaps that is why many people now suffer from stomach problems. But how to deal with them?

This does not necessarily constantly take medicines, the main treatment is a proper and well balanced diet that will not cause irritation and worsening of the disease, but it will saturate the body with all essential macronutrients and vitamins.

diet for gastritis

Basic rules

The main objective of a diet for gastritis is the observance of the diet for normal digestion. Treatment table with gastritis (daily) must contain:

  • 90-100 gr. protein (and in 60% of animals),
  • 50-80 gr. fats (75% of the animals)
  • 300-320 gr. carbohydrates.

Principles of nutrition for gastritis:

  1. Knowledge measures. Gastritis is as relevant as ever saying "after a meal should be a sense of light starvation." First, the feeling of fullness occurs only after 10-15 minutes after eating, and, secondly, filled the stomach does not cope with its functions, especially gastritis.
  2. Diet. First, we need to respect the meal (at the same time). Secondly, gastritis food must be fractional, 4-5 times a day, but at the same time, it is necessary to abandon snacking (they provoke excessive secretion of gastric juice and reduce its production during Breakfast/lunch/dinner, which violates the processing and digestion of food). It is necessary to exclude the reading at meals, watching TV and "food on the run".
  3. Rest after a meal. After every meal is essential for 15-20 minutes to rest (not necessarily sleep). You can read a book or listen to music.
  4. The chewing of food. Prolonged chewing of food (at least 25-30 seconds on each piece) contributes to a more thorough mechanical processing of food, which facilitates the work of the patient's stomach. In addition, hunger in this case is swallowed up faster (which prevents overeating). The rejection complex dishes

The total energy value should be 2200-2800 kcal.

Food with high acidity

In this form of gastritis it is recommended to use a diet aimed at thermal and mechanical sparing of the stomach and reduction of gastric secretion.

Permitted foods:

foods for gastritis
  • casseroles, cheesecakes, vareniki, baked cheesecakes;
  • milk, especially with tea, all kinds of dairy products, including yogurt, yogurt, fresh grated cheese;
  • soups made from fish, meat or chicken cooked in broth grossi;
  • dry white breadcrumbs, oil and butter, milk soups with cereals or pasta;
  • omelettes steamed, poached eggs, vegetable dishes mashed, puddings, soufflés, weak tea, sweet fruits and berries jelly, creams and compotes;
  • veal, lean beef, chicken in with a chance of meatballs, puddings, zrazy, steam cutlets (1-2 times a week allowed use of low-fat boiled meat slices).

Prohibited products:

  • fatty mushroom and meat broths;
  • carbonated beverages;
  • smoked meat with spices;
  • raw vegetables, pickles, pickles ,spicy vegetable snacks, the juice of a lemon;
  • black bread.

The purpose of the diet acute gastritis with high acidity of the normalization of the functioning of the intestines and stomach, limiting, thermal, chemical and mechanical stimuli.

Food with low acidity

The purpose of the diet for gastritis with low acidity is the stimulation (in moderation) production of gastric juice and mechanical sparing the stomach.

Prohibited products in hypoacid gastritis:

  • limitation pearl barley, legumes, millet;
  • fresh bread, sweet pastries ("heavy" food for the stomach, difficult chemical and mechanical processing);
  • fatty and salted fish;
  • vegetables and fruits with rough fiber in fiber (cabbage, turnip, radish, cucumber, bell pepper), mushrooms;
  • fatty meats, meat with fascia (film), canned, smoked (defective mechanical processing of food, the surplus emission of hydrochloric acid);
  • spicy and salty cheeses, the milk neutralizes the hydrochloric acid;
  • berries with seeds or thick skins (raspberries, strawberries, red currants, gooseberries, figs);
  • spices (irritate the stomach), as well as chocolate, grape juice, alcohol;
  • fat and fat pork, beef or lamb (not absorbed because of the low production of hydrochloric acid, it is difficult digestible foods).

Food should be taken after the start of secretion of hydrochloric acid, that is, in the first phase (to trigger the release of gastric juice may be advertising or programs about food, beautiful pictures of food, "delicious" conversations).

Diet for gastritis in the acute stage

diet for acute gastritis

Special attention is given diet for gastritis in the acute stage. Products requirements are the same as for all types of this disease, but more rigid.

In the acute form of the disease is recommended:

  • low-fat cottage cheese;
  • yesterday's white bread and no pastries or muffins;
  • only lean meats, steamed and pureed or finely chopped;
  • soups exclusively on vegetable broths;
  • not sour compotes and jelly;
  • eggs soft-boiled or steam omelets;
  • vegetable puree baby food range, as well as to borrow kids fish and meat sauce from the jar;
  • teas or infusions without sugar.

In the period immediately aggravation from the menu are eliminated completely:

  • foods with preservatives, flavor enhancers, artificial dyes;
  • raw vegetables and fruits;
  • milk and any dairy dishes;
  • all kinds of baking, but yesterday's bread;
  • margarine, shortening and butter;
  • barley;
  • all kinds of beans and beans.

Also remaining on any General restrictions on the products themselves and methods for their preparation. Usually, the crisis takes place over 3-4 days, then the diet becomes more diverse, in accordance with the General recommendations for patients with gastritis.

Sample menu for a week

To have an impression on the diet, you can see approximately diet menu for gastritis stomach for a week with recipes. There is a clear fractional schedule of the diet: eating several times a day. Such a diet for a week has an attractive appearance and meets the energy needs thanks to smart calories.

Day 1:

  • Breakfast — buckwheat, milk souffle, tea.
  • Second Breakfast — 1 Cup oatmeal sweet broth.
  • Lunch — slimy rice soup, spaghetti with meatball vulputate in, boiled carrots and peas, chocolate milk.
  • Afternoon tea — dairy cheese.
  • Dinner — vegetable casserole, steam meatballs, light herbal decoction with honey.
  • Before bed — 1 Cup of fruit jelly.

Day 2:

diet for gastritis
  • Breakfast — boiled egg, dried bread, tenderized oatmeal, broth of Apple and rose hips.
  • Lunch — stewed tenderized dried fruit (1 Cup) and dry biscuits.
  • Lunch — soup with buckwheat, pumpkin purée, chicken Paillard, tea with milk (maybe sugar).
  • Afternoon snack — 1 Cup of milk, yogurt, kefir and dried toast (fried bread is not allowed).
  • Dinner — pasta with steamed vulputate signum pila, scopis vegetable salad, cocoa. Before bedtime: 250 grams of low-fat milk.

Day 3:

  • Breakfast — oatmeal, boiled fish, tea with milk;
  • Second Breakfast — milk pudding.
  • Lunch — vegetable soup with chicken, mashed potatoes and carrots, steam meat Patty, cocoa with milk.
  • Afternoon tea — dairy cheese.
  • Dinner — meatball with boiled peas, toast, stewed fruit.
  • Before bed — yogurt or milk.

Day 4:

  • Breakfast — dairy cheese with honey, toast, stewed fruit.
  • Second Breakfast — yogurt or 1 Cup of milk.
  • Lunch — soup, mashed potatoes, casserole with vegetables and rabbit, stewed fruit.
  • Afternoon tea mousse or soufflé milk with fresh fruit.
  • Dinner — rice porridge with boiled rabbit, boiled carrots and peas, tea with milk.
  • Before bedtime — cocoa with milk and 2 pieces of oatmeal cookies.

Day 5:

  • Breakfast — boiled egg, dried bread, tenderized oatmeal, cocoa with milk.
  • Second Breakfast — 1 Cup oatmeal sweet broth.
  • Lunch — pea soup, steam fish, baked pumpkin.
  • Afternoon tea — milk pudding.
  • Dinner — vegetable casserole, steam fish, a decoction of rose hips.
  • Before bed — 1 Cup of yogurt and oatmeal cookies.

Day 6:

  • Breakfast — buckwheat dairy cereal, milk souffle, tea.
  • Second Breakfast — baked fruit and a glass of milk.
  • Lunch — soup with cauliflower, rice noodles, cocoa with milk.
  • Afternoon snack — vegetable casserole and tea.
  • Dinner — steamed fish with carrots and peas, salad with vegetables and sour cream, broth hips.

Day 7:

  • Breakfast — apples with cottage cheese filling with raisins baked, toast, juice.
  • Second Breakfast — yogurt or milk.
  • Lunch — vegetable soup with chicken, mashed potatoes and carrots, steam meat Patty, cocoa with milk.
  • Afternoon tea — dairy cheese with honey.
  • Dinner — pasta with boiled chicken, baked pumpkin, cocoa with milk.
  • Before bed — 1 Cup of fruit jelly.

The acute phase of disease with this diet quickly go into remission of gastritis.

menu for gastritis soup

Menu for the week, option # 2

People who follow a diet for gastritis, suggest to pre-plan your menu for the week with recipes. A clear plan of action will help to avoid harmful snacking. Much easier when the patient procured the required products. And the man knows how quickly can one to cook.

Monday:

  • Morning — 7:00. Fish cakes, steamed. Boiled potatoes. Tea.
  • Reinforcement — 10:00. Low-fat cottage cheese.
  • Lunch — 13:00. Hordeum soup with vegetables. Buckwheat porridge with boiled meat. The compote.
  • Reinforcements — 16:00. Sweet crackers. Carrot juice.
  • Dinner — 18:30-19:00. Chicken meatballs baked in the oven. Mashed potatoes on the water. Charlotte. Tea.
  • For the night — 21:00. A glass of low-fat yogurt.

Tuesday:

  • Morning — 7:00. Oatmeal with egg white omelette. Tea.
  • Reinforcement — 10:00. Baked apples.
  • Lunch — 13:00. Low-fat vegetable soup. Rice porridge with boiled chicken. The compote.
  • Reinforcements — 16:00. Sweet crackers. The drink from a dogrose.
  • Dinner — 18:30-19:00. Mashed potatoes with a piece of lean fish. Flummery. Jelly.
  • For the night. A glass of low-fat yogurt.

Environment:

  • Morning — 7:00. Rice porridge with signum pila Turkey meat. Tea with milk.
  • Reinforcement — 10:00. Cottage cheese casserole with low-fat sour cream.
  • Lunch — 13:00. Vegetable soup. Cutlets of rabbit meat, steamed and served with a vegetable stew. The compote.
  • Reinforcements — 16:00. Sweet crackers. The drink from a dogrose.
  • Dinner — 18:30-19:00. Oatmeal half milk with chicken meatballs. The juice from fresh berries.
  • For the night — 21:00. A glass of low-fat yogurt.

Thursday:

  • Morning— 7:00. Boiled tongue. Semolina for half the milk. Tea.
  • Reinforcement — 10:00. Baked Apple.
  • Lunch — 13:00. Vegetable soup with small noodles. Mashed potatoes on the water with boiled Turkey meat. The compote.
  • Reinforcements — 16:00. App cookies. The drink from a dogrose.
  • Dinner — 18:30-19:00. Potato gratin with minced meat. Tea.
  • For the night — 21:00. A glass of low-fat yogurt.

Friday:

  • Morning — 7:00. Buckwheat porridge with protein omelet. Tea with milk.
  • Reinforcement — 10:00. Jelly.
  • Lunch — 13:00. Vegetable soup. Chicken meatballs with mashed boiled vegetables. The compote.
  • Reinforcements — 16:00. Sweet crackers. Compote of dried fruits.
  • Dinner — 18:30-19:00. Mashed potatoes on the water with boiled fish. Tea.
  • For the night — 21:00. A glass of low-fat yogurt.

Saturday:

  • Morning — 7:00. Oatmeal half milk. Steam fish cakes low-fat varieties of fish. Tea.
  • Reinforcement — 10:00. Low-fat fresh cheese. Baked Apple.
  • Lunch — 13:00. Vegetable soup. Boiled potatoes. Beef Stroganoff of beef. The compote.
  • Reinforcements — 16:00. Sweet crackers. Tea.
  • Dinner — 18:30-19:00. Fish baked in the oven. Puree boiled carrots. Tea.
  • For the night — 21:00. A glass of low-fat yogurt.
recipes for gastritis

Sunday:

  • Morning — 7:00. Meat souffle, baked in the oven. Oatmeal half milk. Tea.
  • Reinforcement — 10:00. Souffle carrot and Apple juice.
  • Lunch — 13:00. Vegetable rice soup. Buckwheat porridge, steam cutlets from meat of a rabbit. Carrot-banana juice.
  • Reinforcements — 16:00. Sweet crackers. Tea.
  • Dinner — 18:30-19:00. Mashed potatoes on the water. Boiled fish. The drink from a dogrose.
  • For the night — 21:00. A glass of low-fat yogurt.

How much should observed diet for gastritis of the stomach? Strict monitoring is necessary during exacerbation and in the first months after. But ideally the patient with a diagnosis of "gastritis" is to adhere to the recommended table and during remission. Although the expansion of the menu and holiday exceptions are possible. Only if within reasonable limits, and if we are not talking about coffee, cigarettes, alcohol and fatty foods.

17.02.2019